1. US Security from Michael_Novakhov (88 sites): Eurasia Review: A Smaller Percentage Of Russian Men Now Will Live To Age 65 Than Did In 1962 – OpEd

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Only 58 percent of Russian men will live to 65, the new pension age, a figure that is one percent less than the share of Russian men who lived to that age in 1962, a devastating result given all the Kremlin’s claims and all the progress that has been made by medicine in the intervening decades, Alena Popova says.

The reason that Moscow officials can claim progress in boosting life expectancy is that they have succeeded in driving down infant mortality, deaths before the age of one that have the greatest impact on the average age, and invariably cite life expectancy from birth rather than life expectancy from age 20 or more.

The social activist shared these disturbing figures on her Facebook account at  facebook.com/popova.alyona/posts/2497073736979818.They have now been republished by Novyye izvestiya atnewizv.ru/article/general/09-07-2019/tsifra-dnya-muzhchiny-v-rossii-zhivut-menshe-chem-v-sssr-60-let-nazad.

“How in such a situation is it possible to raise the pension year?” Popova asks. “We have mortality rates among working age men which remain at the level of the poorest African country. In Europe, the indicators are entirely different. In Switzerland and Sweden, 90 percent of men live to 65, and in Italy, the Netherlands and Norway 89 percent do.

More to the point, “almost all cases of deaths in the working age population could be avoided. These are preventable diseases, alcoholism, smoking, jail, accidents, murders and suicides,” the activist says.  But all of those require greater investment in health care and social supports not less.

Unfortunately, as other analysts are pointing out, the Russian government is moving in exactly the opposite direction, spending less on health care than it did in the name of “optimization” and thus making it likely the it will not be able to do much about the mortality figures however much it talks about them (ng.ru/health/2019-07-09/7_7618_people.html).

The Russian government can take credit for driving down infant mortality and boosting life expectancy figures that way, but now there is little room for additional improvements there, and the Kremlin will have to commit to spending more on health care and fighting social pathologies rather than doing just the reverse.

And consequently, as sociologist and commentator Yevgeny Gontmakher points out in Moskovsky komsomolets today, the Russian population will continue to fall unless the powers that be attract far more immigrants than seems likely or than the indigenous Russian population is likely to tolerate (mk.ru/social/2019/07/09/demografiyu-ne-obmanesh-rossiyskoe-naselenie-obrecheno-na-ubyl.html).

Eurasia Review

1. US Security from Michael_Novakhov (88 sites)


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1. US Security from Michael_Novakhov (88 sites): Eurasia Review: Debating Artificial Intelligence: The Fox Versus The Hedgehog – OpEd

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Singapore in Southeast Asia and Stanford University in the United States are focal points for discussions of AI and how it can be made to help not hurt human beings. A recent panel at Stanford illustrates the difficulty and necessity of bringing both generalist and specialist perspectives to bear on the problem.

By Donald K. Emmerson*

Singapore has been described as “a thriving hub for artificial intelligence” (https://www.businesstimes.com.sg/opinion/artificial-intelligence-in-singapore-pervasive-powerful-and-present). In May 2019, Singapore’s Personal Data Protection Commission (PDPC) released the first edition of “A Proposed Model AI Governance Framework (https://www.pdpc.gov.sg/Resources/Model-AI-Gov).

That “accountability-based” document would “frame the discussions
around harnessing AI in a responsible way” by “translat[ing] ethical
principles into practical measures that can be implemented by
organisations deploying AI solutions”. The guiding principles it
proposes to operationalise are that AI systems should be “human-centric”
and that decisions made by using them should be “explainable,
transparent, and fair”.

Ethical Principles in AI

Ethical principles are crucial in AI. They are philosophical compared
with the technical character of practical measures. While Singaporeans
discuss how to put which principles into practice, variations on that
conversation are underway in Silicon Valley. A case in point is a recent
discussion of AI at Stanford University, whose Artificial Intelligence
Lab was established in 1962.

This comment focuses on how differently scholars in the humanities
may approach the challenge of making AI “human-centric” compared with
their colleagues in computer science.

At Stanford in April 2019, before an audience of nearly 1,700 people, a panel on AI (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d4rBh6DBHyw)
brought together a fox and a hedgehog. The “fox” was a historian,
Hebrew University of Jerusalem professor Yuval Noah Harari. The
“hedgehog” was an engineer, Stanford professor Fei-Fei Li.

A poet in ancient Greece is said to have coined these metaphors by
remarking: “The fox knows many things, but the hedgehog knows one big
thing.” The contrast is often used in academic discourse to distinguish
generalists from specialisers. Viewed in that light, Yuval Harari’s
latest book, 21 Lessons for the 21st Century (https://www.theguardian.com/books/2018/aug/15/21-lessons-for-the-21st-century-by-yuval-noah-harari-review),
is an eclectic read worthy of a fox. The titles of its chapters include
“God,” “War,” “Humility,” and “Science Fiction”. The subject of AI
crops up as well.

The Hedgehog

As an undergraduate at Princeton, Fei-fei Li co-edited a book, Nanking 1937: Memory and Healing
(2002), that delved hedgehog-style into “one big thing”— the Nanking
Massacre. Since earning her doctorate in electrical engineering, Li has
understandably concentrated on working and publishing in her discipline,
computer science. Her specialty is AI, whose importance surely
qualifies it as “one big thing,” if only as shown by the huge turnout
for the panel.

The conversation between Harari and Li was intriguing but incomplete.
Prof. Li co-directs Stanford’s Human-Centered AI Institute.
“Human-Centered AI” activity sounds foxy — interdisciplinary. It was
Harari, however, who played the boundary-crossing fox by linking
infotech with biotech to suggest that their overlapping could gestate an
ability and a proclivity to “hack human beings”.

Linking AI to psychology, he wondered whether personal decisions
could someday be “outsourced to algorithms”. Could neuroscientific AI be
used to “hack love” by causing an infatuation that would not otherwise
have occurred? Harari brought illness in as well: “In a battle between
privacy and health,” he predicted, “health will win.”

Shifting into political science, he worried that AI could become a
“21st century technology of domination”. Others share his anxiety. On
biotech, for instance, there is Jamie Metzl’s just-published Hacking Darwin: Genetic Engineering and the Future of Humanity (https://www.npr.org/2019/05/02/718250111/hacking-darwin-explores-genetic-engineering-and-what-it-means-to-be-human).

Hedgehogs & Foxes: Collaboration Needed

Harari’s concerns almost made “human-centered AI” sound oxymoronic.
But as a fox untrained in computer science, he lacked the knowledge that
a hedgehog with digital depth would have brought to bear on the topic.
Li had the necessary expertise on AI. But she did not respond to
Hariri’s worries and speculations beyond assuring him and the audience
that interdisciplinarity and ethics were definitely on her institute’s
agenda.

Without hedgehogs to keep them realistic, foxes can get carried away.
Without foxes to keep them contextual, hedgehogs can silo themselves.
Helpful in this context — forgive the foxy term — is a vigorous recent
defence of foxiness as a career choice: David Epstein’s Range: Why Generalists Triumph in a Specialised World (https://www.npr.org/2019/05/02/718250111/hacking-darwin-explores-genetic-engineering-and-what-it-means-to-be-human).

Already someone somewhere may be drafting an antithesis to the foxiness of Range. Perhaps its title will be Depth: Why Specialists are Necessary in a Generalist World.

In any case, to this author’s shallow knowledge, foxes and hedgehogs
are not sworn enemies, either on paper or in nature. So here’s to deep
range and wide-ranging depth, unlikely in the work of a single scholar,
but possible through animalian collaboration.

*Donald K. Emmerson, a confessed fox, heads the Southeast Asia Program in the Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center at Stanford University, where he is also affiliated with the Abbasi Program in Islamic Studies and the Center on Development, Democracy, and the Rule of Law. He contributed this article specially to RSIS Commentary. His edited book, The Deer and the Dragon: Southeast Asia and China in the 21st Century, is forthcoming in 2019.

Eurasia Review

1. US Security from Michael_Novakhov (88 sites)


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1. US Security from Michael_Novakhov (88 sites): “us national security” – Google News: Dr M: National Security Council (Amendment) Bill to be tweaked, re-tabled – Nation – The Star Online

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Dr M: National Security Council (Amendment) Bill to be tweaked, re-tabled – Nation  The Star Online

KUALA LUMPUR: There are many different opinions that need to be looked at before amendments are made to the National Security Council (Amendment) Bill …

“us national security” – Google News

1. US Security from Michael_Novakhov (88 sites)


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1. Trump from Michael_Novakhov (197 sites): “putin and trump” – Google News: Aldi shopper shocked to find Russian leader Vladimir Putin’s face in Aberdeen Angus sizzle steak – PerthNow

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Aldi shopper shocked to find Russian leader Vladimir Putin’s face in Aberdeen Angus sizzle steak  PerthNow

An unsuspecting Aldi shopper has had a chilling meating with Vladimir Putin.

“putin and trump” – Google News

1. Trump from Michael_Novakhov (197 sites)


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“Conspiracy Against US” – Google News: Prosecutors ask for life in prison for El Chapo – CNN

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Prosecutors ask for life in prison for El Chapo  CNN

Prosecutors on Wednesday submitted a memo asking for Joaquin “El Chapo” Guzmán to receive life in prison.

“Conspiracy Against US” – Google News


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What we know so far about the White House social media summit – wgxa.tv

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July 10, 2019

What we know so far about the White House social media summit – wgxa.tv
Report: Results on investigation into spying on Trump campaign delayed – fox23maine.com
The $9000 sneakers: Ad executive says brands like Nike getting caught in crossfire – KFOX El Paso
Authorities: Missing Texas man was eaten by his own dogs – KEYE TV CBS Austin
Tropical system will intensify in the Gulf – WNWO NBC 24

What we know so far about the White House social media summit – wgxa.tv

wgxa.tv
What we know so far about the White House social media summit wgxa.tvWASHINGTON (SBG) – On Thursday, the White House will host a social media summit. This comes as lawmakers look into concerns that social media …
Read More

Report: Results on investigation into spying on Trump campaign delayed – fox23maine.com

fox23maine.com
Report: Results on investigation into spying on Trump campaign delayed fox23maine.comWASHINGTON (SBG) – The probe to determine where top law enforcement officials illegally spied on the Trump campaign in 2016, continues.
Read More

The $9000 sneakers: Ad executive says brands like Nike getting caught in crossfire – KFOX El Paso

KFOX El Paso
The $9000 sneakers: Ad executive says brands like Nike getting caught in crossfire KFOX El PasoThe Nike Air Max 1 USA sneakers have been at the center of national debate after being pulled by Nike over concerns from former NFL quarterback Colin …
Read More

Authorities: Missing Texas man was eaten by his own dogs – KEYE TV CBS Austin

KEYE TV CBS Austin
Authorities: Missing Texas man was eaten by his own dogs KEYE TV CBS AustinDALLAS (AP) — Authorities say a 57-year-old Texas man who had been missing for months was eaten, bones and all, by his dogs.
Read More

Tropical system will intensify in the Gulf – WNWO NBC 24

WNWO NBC 24
Tropical system will intensify in the Gulf WNWO NBC 24Pensacola Beach (WEAR-TV) – An area of low pressure, currently over the northeast Gulf of Mexico, will drift westward over the Gulf over the next several days.
Read More
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The FBI News Review: What we know so far about the White House social media summit – wgxa.tv

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Feedly Logo
July 10, 2019
What we know so far about the White House social media summit – wgxa.tv
Report: Results on investigation into spying on Trump campaign delayed – fox23maine.com
The $9000 sneakers: Ad executive says brands like Nike getting caught in crossfire – KFOX El Paso
Authorities: Missing Texas man was eaten by his own dogs – KEYE TV CBS Austin
Tropical system will intensify in the Gulf – WNWO NBC 24

What we know so far about the White House social media summit – wgxa.tv

wgxa.tv
What we know so far about the White House social media summit wgxa.tvWASHINGTON (SBG) – On Thursday, the White House will host a social media summit. This comes as lawmakers look into concerns that social media …
Read More

Report: Results on investigation into spying on Trump campaign delayed – fox23maine.com

fox23maine.com
Report: Results on investigation into spying on Trump campaign delayed fox23maine.comWASHINGTON (SBG) – The probe to determine where top law enforcement officials illegally spied on the Trump campaign in 2016, continues.
Read More

The $9000 sneakers: Ad executive says brands like Nike getting caught in crossfire – KFOX El Paso

KFOX El Paso
The $9000 sneakers: Ad executive says brands like Nike getting caught in crossfire KFOX El PasoThe Nike Air Max 1 USA sneakers have been at the center of national debate after being pulled by Nike over concerns from former NFL quarterback Colin …
Read More

Authorities: Missing Texas man was eaten by his own dogs – KEYE TV CBS Austin

KEYE TV CBS Austin
Authorities: Missing Texas man was eaten by his own dogs KEYE TV CBS AustinDALLAS (AP) — Authorities say a 57-year-old Texas man who had been missing for months was eaten, bones and all, by his dogs.
Read More

Tropical system will intensify in the Gulf – WNWO NBC 24

WNWO NBC 24
Tropical system will intensify in the Gulf WNWO NBC 24Pensacola Beach (WEAR-TV) – An area of low pressure, currently over the northeast Gulf of Mexico, will drift westward over the Gulf over the next several days.
Read More
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The FBI News Review


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Russia News: Информационное агентство УНИАН: “Санкции будут очень жесткими”: генерал объяснил, почему Путин заинтересован в освобождении моряков

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По словам генерала, Путин заинтересован в исполнении решения международного морского трибунала, поскольку “наглое невыполнение его решений не может остаться вне поля зрения западного мира”.

Информационное агентство УНИАН

Russia News


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