TrumpWorld6 on Twitter: 1. New York and Brooklyn from Michael_Novakhov (111 sites): “Brooklyn College” – Google News: Brooklyn Woman Remains in Hospital Days After Surviving Gruesome Ax Attack That Killed Her Friend – Yahoo News dlvr.it/R3K7hy

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1. New York and Brooklyn from Michael_Novakhov (111 sites): “Brooklyn College” – Google News: Brooklyn Woman Remains in Hospital Days After Surviving Gruesome Ax Attack That Killed Her Friend – Yahoo News dlvr.it/R3K7hy


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TrumpWorld6 on Twitter: RT @mikenov: The FBI News Review: “fbi criticism” – Google News: Portsmouth mayor wants a committee to study city’s issues of race – Virgin…

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The FBI News Review: “fbi criticism” – Google News: Portsmouth mayor wants a committee to study city’s issues of race – Virginian-Pilot dlvr.it/R3K7b0


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1. US Security from Michael_Novakhov (88 sites): Eurasia Review: Bhutan: Oasis Of Peace – Analysis

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By Giriraj Bhattacharjee*

In the entire South Asian
region, Bhutan is the only country which has remained free of even a
single terrorism-related fatality, or for that matter, incident, for
over a decade. Specifically, on December 30, 2008, four Bhutanese
foresters were killed and another two injured after their tractor was
blown up by an improvised explosive device (IED) planted on the road
about four kilometres west of Singay village in the Sarpang District.

Between, September 5, 2004, and
December 30, 2008, Bhutan recorded a total of 13 fatalities, including
eight civilians and five militants. The first incident involving a
fatality took place on September 5, 2004, when two persons were killed
and 27 sustained injuries in a bomb explosion at the Sunday market
shopping area of Gelephu town.

Between September 5, 2004 and the present (data till April 21, 2019), according to partial data compiled by the South Asia Terrorism Portal
(SATP), South Asia (including Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal,
Pakistan and Sri Lanka) as a region recorded 126,755
terrorism/insurgency linked fatalities (including 44,482 civilians,
15,614 Security Forces, SF, personnel and 66,659 militants). Of these,
Bhutan accounted for a mere 0.01 per cent (the data does not include
fatalities in Afghanistan and the Maldives). 

Unsurprisingly, according to the Global Terrorism Index 2018, Bhutan is ranked at 135 among 163 countries in the list, towards the bottom, among the most peaceful countries. In the 2015 index Bhutan was placed at the 107th position (out of 162 countries). In the very first index
published in 2012, which mapped and ranked countries based on the
terror incidents that were reported from 2002 to 2011, Bhutan was ranked
72 out of 158 countries.

The prevailing peace has helped Bhutan’s overall development. According to a 2018 United Nations document,
Bhutan’s GDP has more than tripled in the last 10 years (2008-18)
alone, and per capita income has increased to USD 2,719. Poverty in
Bhutan more than halved between 2007-2012, and reduced even further
thereafter. According to the Asian Development Bank, the population
living below the national poverty line in Bhutan fell to 8.2 percent in
2017 as against 12 percent in 2012.

Nevertheless, a few lingering
issues remain unresolved and remind the people of Bhutan of a relatively
turbulent, albeit brief, phase in the past. Among these is the issue of
repatriation.

According to reports, around 6,500 Lhotshampa (Bhutanese of Nepalese decent) refugees were
still living in two camps in the Jhapa District of Nepal. 
Approximately 105,000 Lhotshampa were expelled in the 1990s due to
implementation of the Citizenship Act of 1985 and the subsequent
nation-wide Census of 1988. Notably, the Lhotshampas refugees in Nepal
had helped the Bhutan Communist Party – Marxist-Leninist-Maoist
(BCP-MLM) grow and foment trouble in
Himalayan Kingdom. The BCP-MLM has been dormant since 2010 when it,
along with other ‘political parties in exile’, formed an umbrella group
and vowed to pursue a unified democratic movement led by Rongthong
Kunley Dorji. Dorji died on October 19, 2011, and was replaced by Kesang
Lhendup as the new President of the Druk National Congress on December
18, 2011. In a 2012 interview, Lhendup, when asked about the future
plans, stated that the organization would “continue to take forward the
unfinished works of our late President for the establishment of
inclusive democracy in Bhutan…”

In February 2019, after more than a decade, Nepal has decided to hold the 16th round of ministerial-level talks with Bhutan to repatriate the remaining 6,500 Lhotshampa. The 15th
round, held on December 22, 2003, had failed. After the breakdown of
talks in 2003, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees helped
resettle over 112,800 Bhutanese refugees of Nepali origin, then staying
in Nepal, in the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Denmark,
Norway, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom.

Another issue of concern was
the existence of camps of Indian Insurgent Groups (IIGs) operating in
the northeast in Bhutan or along the Indo-Bhutan border. Though the
presence of camps of IIGs in Bhutan is no longer reported, violent Bodo
militants do use the Indo-Bhutan border to carry out insurgent
activities. Consequently, India’s Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA)
has approved the laser-based aerial mapping of the Indo-Bhutan border
along Assam. Reports suggest that the difficult terrain along the border
has become a significant hideout for insurgents, especially members of
the banned Saoraigwra faction of the National Democratic Front of
Bodoland (NDFB–S).
Intelligence agencies believe top leaders of the group are hiding
somewhere along the Indo-Bhutan border. It is useful to recall here,
that Bhutan had carried out operation all clear in 2003, expelling a number of Indian insurgent formations then operating from its soil.

Meanwhile, Bhutan held its
third National Assembly Elections on October 18, 2018. The Druk Nyamrup
Tshogpa (DNT) party won the elections, securing 30 of the total of 47
seats. Lotay Tshering, the President of DNT, became the new Prime
Minister of Bhutan. The Druk Phuensum Tshogpa (DPT), which bagged 17
seats [and that had won the maiden elections in 2008] assumed the role
of the main opposition party for the second consecutive term. The
People’s Democratic Party (PDP), which also contested the elections,
failed to qualify for the second round of elections and consequently to
win any seat. PDP garnered 27.2 per cent of votes in the first round,
while DNT and DPT registered 32 per cent and 31 per cent votes,
respectively, entering the second round of polls. According to Bhutan’s
Constitution, only two political parties can take part in the final
round of General Elections. In 2013, PDP, had won 32 seats and emerged
victorious, while DPT, with 15 seats, had assumed the role of the
opposition.

Bhutan has largely been an exception in an otherwise violence-riven South Asian region. Constant vigil and cooperation in the security sphere with neighbours will be necessary to ensure that this remains the case.

*Giriraj Bhattacharjee
Research Associate, Institute for Conflict Management

Eurasia Review

1. US Security from Michael_Novakhov (88 sites)


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1. Russia from Michael_Novakhov (115 sites): Главные новости – Google Новости: Кравчук призвал Зеленского пересмотреть отношение к Крыму – РИА Новости

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  1. Кравчук призвал Зеленского пересмотреть отношение к Крыму  РИА Новости
  2. Пушков дал совет Украине по поводу Крыма  ВЗГЛЯД.РУ
  3. Кравчук призвал Зеленского изменить отношение к Крыму  Газета.Ru
  4. Первый президент Украины посоветовал Зеленскому снять блокаду Крыма  Российская Газета
  5. Пушков назвал идею Кравчука о Крыме тестом для Зеленского  Российская Газета
  6. Взгляд с разных сторон в приложении “Google Новости”

Главные новости – Google Новости

1. Russia from Michael_Novakhov (115 sites)


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1. US Security from Michael_Novakhov (88 sites): Eurasia Review: India: Declining Terror, Persistent Vulnerabilities – Analysis

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By Ajit Kumar Singh*

For the seventh consecutive
year, beginning 2012, overall terrorism-linked fatalities across
multiple theaters of conflict in India remained in three digits, with
2018 registering a total of 935 fatalities, including 216 civilians, 183
Security Force (SF) personnel, and 536 militants. Such fatalities
remained in the four digits for 18 consecutive years between 1994 and
2011, with year 2001 registering a peak 5,839 fatalities (1,693
civilians, 721 SF personnel, and 3,425 militants). 

However, annual fatalities declined for seven consecutive years, between 2006 and 2012, but have followed a cyclical trend thereafter.
Terrorism-linked fatalities in 2018 (935 fatalities) increased in
comparison to 2017, at 803 fatalities (206 civilians, 170 SF personnel,
and 427 SF personnel). In 2016, there were 898 fatalities, as against
722 in 2015, 976 in 2014, 884 in 2013, and 803 fatalities in 2012.

Meanwhile, 84 Districts
recorded terrorism/insurgency linked fatalities in 2018 (the same number
as in 2017), down from 94 in 2016, 93 in 2015, 100 in 2014, 103 in
2013, and 122 in 2012. Fatalities have already been reported from 37
Districts in 2019 (data till April 21, 2019).

Moreover, the total number of Districts afflicted by chronic conflict variables was down to 170 in 2018, as against 184 in 2017. There were a total of 191 such Districts in 2016; and 205 in both 2014 and 2013.

India presently has a total of 719 Districts.

These numbers clearly indicate
that there has been considerable overall improvement in the security
situation, but an analysis across different theaters of conflict
demonstrates that the gains are not similar.  

Islamist terrorism outside Jammu & Kashmir (J&K) has been contained to a large extent. Pakistan-backed Islamist terror formations, as well as Islamic State (aka Daesh)
and Al Qaeda in the Indian Subcontinent (AQIS), the last two of which
have been attempting to make inroads since 2014, have failed
comprehensively in their ambitions [al Qaeda has, in fact, trying to
create a network in India at least since 1996, and established AQIS,
dedicated to the South Asian region, in 2014). There was just one
Islamist terrorist attack in India, outside J&K, through 2018. It is
useful to recall that, in 2008, Islamist terror formations operating
out of Pakistan had carried out 10 attacks in India, outside J&K,
resulting in 352 fatalities, the largest number recorded in a single
year since 2000, when the SATP database commenced tracking such
incidents. There is, of course, little room for complacence,
particularly in view of the intermittent ‘lone wolf attacks’ by Daesh-inspired
individuals across the globe, and the continuous stream of IS-linked
conspiracies and arrests over the past years. According to the SATP
database, a total of 167 Daesh
sympathizers/recruits have been arrested and another 73 persons have
been detained, counselled and released, in India (data till April 21,
2019). Another 98 Indians were believed to have travelled to Syria, Iraq
and Afghanistan to join IS – microscopic numbers in terms of the
country’s huge Muslim population. Of the 98 who travelled abroad to join
Daesh, 33 are confirmed to have been killed. The increasing
trend of fringe Islamist terror formations in several countries
associating with Daesh is a source of concern for India as well.

Insurgent violence in the Northeast region has seen a continuous downward trajectory 
with 2018 recording the lowest insurgency-related fatalities since
1992. Incidentally, except for Arunachal Pradesh, all the other six
insurgency affected states – Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram,
Nagaland and Tripura – registered a declining trend in fatalities.

The region did, however,
witness multiple and widespread agitations and a tendency to increasing
ethnic and communal polarisation through 2018 and thereafter due to several factors, most prominently including the passage of the Citizenship Amendment Bill (CAB) in the Lok Sabha (Lower House of India’s Parliament) on January 8, 2019, and the preceding troubles over
the National Register of Citizens. The agitations even jeopardised
ongoing peace talks with the ULFA-Pro Talks Faction (ULFA-PTF), and also
saw a number of other erstwhile militant organizations across the
region strongly opposing CAB.

The Maoist insurgency is also on a decline,
though fatalities increased from 333 (109 civilians, 74 SF personnel,
150 Naxalites) in 2017 to 413 (109 civilians, 73 SF personnel, 231
Naxalites) in 2018, essentially as a result of increasing fatalities in
Maoist ranks. SFs secured an improved kill ratio in 2018, at 1:3.16, as
against 1:2.02 in 2017. The 2018 ratio is the second best recorded since
the SATP database commenced tracking the conflict, after 3.69, in 2016.

Nevertheless, the intermittent
and audacious attacks of the recent past clearly indicate that the
Maoists still possess the wherewithal, albeit diminishing, to strike at
will. Cadres of the Communist Party of India–Maoist (CPI-Maoist) triggered an Improvised Explosive Device (IED) blast and subsequently opened fire, targeting the
convoy of a Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) Member of Legislative Assembly
(MLA), Bhima Mandavi, in a forested patch near Nakulnar village under
the Kuwakonda tehsil (revenue unit) of Dantewada District in
Chhattisgarh’s ailing Bastar Division, on April 9, 2019. Those killed
included MLA Mandavi and his three Personal Security Officers (PSOs), as
well as the constable-driver.

There have also been some worries in
Punjab in recent times. Between 2008 and 2015, Khalistani terrorists
failed to inflict even a single fatality in the State, but three years
in a row, between 2016 and 2018, lethal terrorist strikes have been
mounted. The grenade attack at Nirankari Bhavan on November 18, 2018,
which resulted in three fatalities, was the last incident in a chain of
efforts to revive Khalistani terrorism in the Punjab.

It is, however, J&K that has recorded the most significant surge in violence, after an extended phase of declining violence between
2001 and 2012. Total fatalities recorded J&K in 2018, at 451, are
the highest after 2008, at 541. Worryingly, fatalities among civilians,
at 86 in 2018, are also the highest in this category since 2007, at 164.
Indeed, with an intensifying polarization and intentional political destabilization, the State appears to be headed towards a heightened phase of terrorism.

Union Home Minister Rajnath
Singh while addressing the Inaugural Session of the Conference of
Directors and Inspectors General of Police in Gujarat on December 20,
2018, thus observed,

Security scenario in the North-East region has witnessed steady improvement in recent years… We achieved major operational successes in core areas of CPI/Maoist… The communal situation during the current year remained under control, with a decrease of 12% in communal incidents as compared to the corresponding period in 2017… Law enforcement agencies… have managed to overcome the first tide of propaganda and mobilization by Islamic State… In concerted counter-terrorism operations, Law enforcement agencies have arrested nearly 125 terrorist suspects as against 117 arrested in 2017… The new phase of Islamic State propaganda emanating from Afghanistan-Pakistan region is also being countered effectively…

The Minister further stated, in the context of J&K,

…Attempts by militants to infiltrate in large numbers, intermittent attacks by militants and efforts at local recruitment continue… The separatists also exploit every possible situation to agitate the people to fan further anti-India sentiments, which leads to law and order situation…

The Government of India (GoI) as well as respective states affected by Insurgencies in the Northeast, the Maoist belt, terrorism in J&K and in Punjab,
have adopted several measures through 2018, as in the past. The Central
Government also, initiated several schemes to further strengthen
India’s existing internal security apparatus. On December 12, 2018, GoI disclosed
that it had sanctioned the raising of six additional battalions of the
Borders Security Force (BSF) on January 1, 2018. All these battalions
have since been raised for deployment. A proposal to raise additional
battalions in ITBP is also under consideration. Though an April 30,
2018, report stated that four new CRPF battalions with 1,148 staffs in
each battalion will be raised at Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) Group
Centres at Neemuch, Avadi, Rangareddy and Amethi, there is no further
information available in this regard. The Government, however, informed
Parliament on February 12, 2019, that “at present there is no decision
of the Government to raise additional battalions in Central Reserve
Police Force (CRPF)”. Earlier, on April 4, 2018, the Union Government informed Parliament,

To equip the security system with state-of-the-art technology in view of the increasing terrorist and Naxalite activities in the country, the Government has approved an enhanced outlay under the umbrella scheme of “Modernisation of Police Forces (MPF)” with a total outlay of Rs. 25,061 crore. Under this umbrella scheme, a sub-scheme of “Assistance to States for Modernization of Police” with an outlay of Rs. 7,380 crore has been approved for the period from 2017-18 to 2019-20. This sub-scheme is in continuation of the scheme of Modernisation of State Police Forces. Under this sub-scheme central assistance to States is provided for acquisition of security/surveillance/communication equipments, modern weaponry, forensic equipments etc.

Nevertheless, wide deficiencies
persist. There has been no decisive improvement since the 26/11 Mumbai
attacks, after which the Government had declared its intention to bring
about radical transformation. The first responders to any terrorist
threat, the Police Force, remain enormously neglected. While the
Police-Population ratio was 134.3 (policeman per 100000 population) as
on January 2, 2009, it has crept up to an arguable 150.75
by 2017 (as on January 1, 2017, the latest data available), much lower
than the a ‘desirable’ Police-population ratio of 220 per 100,000 for
‘peacetime policing’. The number of vacancies across the country in the
apex Indian Police Service (IPS) has actually increased over time. On
July 19, 2018, Union Minister of State for Personnel Jitendra Singh, in a
written reply to the Rajya Sabha, disclosed that there were 970
vacancies in the IPS or 19.64 per cent of the total 4,940 posts. As on
January 1, 2010, of 4,013 authorised posts, in the IPS, just 3,383 were
in position, leaving a deficit of 16.7 per cent.

Moreover, huge vacancies
persist in the entire Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs), which have
been increasingly used as lead counter-insurgency Forces in the country:
166,896 vacant posts as on January 1, 2017, against a sanctioned
strength of 1,154,393 (actual strength: 987,497). In 2010, the total
vacancies were 100,830 (sanctioned strength 874,483, actual strength
773,653).

More worryingly, the implementation lag on decisions related to security is getting longer, as underlined in a report
submitted by the Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) to the
Parliament on April 5, 2018, where referring to Coastal Security Scheme
Phase II (CSS II) it sated,

Ministry [Home Ministry] sanctioned (November 2010) 10 large vessels and 23 Rigid Inflatable Boats6 (RIB) to be centrally procured at a cost of Rupees 302.30 crore. These vessels were required to exercise watch and vigilance at islands and along the coast line and were to be stationed at 10 strategic locations where MOCs were being set up. Ministry floated limited tender enquiries in June 2016 for procurement of the large vessels and RIBs more than five years after approval of the scheme and finalized tenders for these vessels in December 2017. Thus, a critical component of CSS-II has been delayed for more than six years after approval and the objective of strengthening vigilance at strategic locations through regular patrolling has yet to be achieved…
Under the scheme, ten Marine Operational Centers (MOCs) were to be set up as nerve centers to undertake patrolling, raids and surveillance in remote/scattered islands. MHA suggested (November 2010) completion of all preparatory works for the MOCs by 31 March 2011… Audit noted that only one out of the ten planned MOCs could be set up and operationalized in Kadamtala. The Department attributed (November 2017) the delays to involvement of various stakeholders in the process of obtaining clearances. The reply is not tenable as there was no evidence of concerted action on the part of the Department to take advance action and actively pursue the requisite clearances.

While the SFs have been able to bring down the level of terrorism / insurgency across most of the afflicted regions over the past few years, political mischief both at State as well as the Central level has allowed threats to persist and, in some cases, escalate. The Governments lethargic approach towards capacity building remains a major impediment to sustaining and consolidating the gains secured at great cost and sacrifice.

*Ajit Kumar Singh
Research Fellow, Institute for Conflict Management

Eurasia Review

1. US Security from Michael_Novakhov (88 sites)


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“fbi criticism” – Google News: Portsmouth mayor wants a committee to study city’s issues of race – Virginian-Pilot

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April 22, 2019

“fbi criticism” – Google News: Portsmouth mayor wants a committee to study city’s issues of race – Virginian-Pilot
“fbi” – Google News: FBI Says New Mexico Militia Was Reportedly Training to Assassinate Hillary Clinton, Barack Obama – Splinter
“fbi” – Google News: FBI Forensic Accountant’s Testimony Scrutinized At Zimmerman Murder Trial – WGLT News
“gregg jarrett” – Google News: Thomas Dimitroff ranked top 5 NFL GM by NFL.com – The Falcoholic

“fbi criticism” – Google News: Portsmouth mayor wants a committee to study city’s issues of race – Virginian-Pilot

FBI from Michael_Novakhov (27 sites)
With elected officials facing criticism over the ouster of the city’s first black female police chief, Mayor John Rowe has proposed creating a committee to “explore issues of race, ethnicity, equity and culture” in Portsmouth.
Read More

“fbi” – Google News: FBI Says New Mexico Militia Was Reportedly Training to Assassinate Hillary Clinton, Barack Obama – Splinter

FBI from Michael_Novakhov (27 sites)
Photo: Justin Sullivan/GettyLarry Hopkins, the leader of an extremist militia group known as the United Constitutional Patriots was arrested by the FBI last weekend after videos emerged of the group rounding up and detaining migrants at the U.S.-Mexico border in New Mexico.
Read More

“fbi” – Google News: FBI Forensic Accountant’s Testimony Scrutinized At Zimmerman Murder Trial – WGLT News

FBI from Michael_Novakhov (27 sites)
Kirk Zimmerman’s lawyer pushed back forcefully Monday against an FBI forensic accountant’s testimony, claiming he misrepresented and manipulated Zimmerman’s finances to the jury in order to strengthen the state’s motive for murder.
Read More

“gregg jarrett” – Google News: Thomas Dimitroff ranked top 5 NFL GM by NFL.com – The Falcoholic

FBI from Michael_Novakhov (27 sites)
Over the past decade-plus in Atlanta, Thomas Dimitroff’s standing among his fellow general managers have remained consistently high in the league itself and has swung wildly between admiration and disrespect elsewhere.
Read More
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